Elemental Modularity Design in Smart Phones
Neelam Sharma1, Nitish Pathak2, Anand Kr Shukla3, Vaibhav Vivek4, Danish Ather5

1Neelam Sharma*, Maharaja Agrasen Institute of Technology (MAIT), GGSIPU, New Delhi, India.
2Dr. Nitish Pathak, BVICAM, GGSIPU, New Delhi, India.
3Dr. Anand Kr Shukla, Associate Professor, Chandigarh University, Garuhan, Mohali, India.
4Vaibhav Vivek, Maharaja Agrasen Institute of Technology (MAIT), New Delhi, India.
5Dr. Danish Ather, Teerthanker Mahaveer University (TMU), Moradabad, India.
Manuscript received on September 23, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on October 15, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2019. | PP: 7001-7007 | Volume-9 Issue-1, October 2019 | Retrieval Number: A9962109119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A9962.109119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Current statistics show that there are around 2.53 billion smartphone users on this Earth in 2018, which is predicted to rise upto 2.87 billion by 2020. Since the birth of the mobile phone in 1940s, the development in the technology was driven by technological advancements. Now, there is a factor of the social movement that partially drives the innovation in the phone technology, catering the subjective “ease of access” of maximum users. An average mobile phone user is spending around 3.1 hours per day on a phone i.e. 93 hours in a month which explains why there is a need of considering social trends along with technological innovation while designing the product. But taking everything into account, the past few innovations in the mobile phone industry were noticeably constrained to a few monotonous principles, and hence arises a need for revolution. One revolution in the software industry was initialized by the open source movement which points towards a theory for solving this tediousness in the hardware industry and paves ways for concepts like modular phones. Modularity means the degree to which a system’s components can be separated and reassembled hence a modular phone is a smartphone in which different functional pieces can be swapped out. The concept promotes open sourcing movement in hardware sector and increases the complexity of the system but decreases the sophistication for the end user. This paper will demonstrate modularity as a concept, its present and future scope and an experiment-based hypothesis to create a generic modular phone based on any OS.
Keywords: Module, Cognitive artifact, MDK (Module Developer’s Kit), Project Ara, PhoneBloks, Hardware Endoskeleton.