Technologies for Tourism Development in Russia and Kazakhstan
Elena Yurievna Nikolskaya1, Svetlana Viktorovna Dusenko2, Margaret Evgenyevna Belomestnova3, Alina Amirovna Pestova4, Tatyana Vasilyevna Imangulova5

1Elena Yurievna Nikolskaya*, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russia
2Svetlana Viktorovna Dusenko, Russian state University of physical culture, sport, youth and tourism (scolipe), Moscow, Russia.
3Margaret Evgenyevna Belomestnova, Russian state University of physical culture, sport, youth and tourism (scolipe), Moscow, Russia.
4Alina Amirovna Pestova Kazakh Academy of sports and tourism, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
5Tatyana Vasilyevna Imangulova, Kazakh Academy of sports and tourism, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
Manuscript received on September 23, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on October 15, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2019. | PP: 5054-5057 | Volume-9 Issue-1, October 2019 | Retrieval Number: A2139109119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A2139.109119
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Abstract: The article aims to improve tourism development technologies in Russia and Kazakhstan. The theoretical and methodological basis of the research includes the abstract-logical method, methods of induction, deduction, analysis, synthesis and systematization used to justify the socio-economic aspects of tourism development, graphic methods – to study the level and trends of tourism development, as well as weighing methods – to determine the rating of tourism qualities. The results of the study have showed that it is necessary to use a real economic and industrial approach to tourism development in Russia and Kazakhstan, based on the use of competitive advantages, which are associated with unique culture, rich and diverse nature, and to develop the potential of increased business activity, which offers the opportunity to promote cultural, educational, ecological and business tourism to develop the industry of outdoor activities, such as sports and adventure tourism. It has been proved that in order to develop the tourism industry and its infrastructure that can ensure a steady flow of tourists, taking into account the specifics of the national tourism product in Russia and Kazakhstan, it is necessary to develop transport and road infrastructure for general use, to meet tourist needs, to create tourism complexes, ethnographic museums and recreation areas and to organize the restoration and museumification of historical, cultural and ethnographic monuments.
Keywords: Technology, Tourism, Development, Infrastructure, Complex, Industry, Recreation, Economy, Sphere.