Productivity of Simmentals Livestock of Austrian Breeding in Climatic Conditions of the Karachay- Cherkess Republic
Valery Kulintsev1, Muhamed Shakhmurzov2, Anatoly Shevkhuzhev3, Vladimir Pogodaev4, Dagir Smakuev5
1Valery Kulintsev*, North Caucasian Federal Scientific Agrarian Center, Stavropol, Russia.
2Muhamed Shakhmurzov, Kabardino-Balkarian State Agrarian University, Nalchik, Russia.
3Anatoly Shevkhuzhev, North Caucasus Federal Scientific Agrarian Center, Mikhailovsk, Russia.
4Vladimir Pogodaev, his/her department, Name of the affiliated College or University/Industry, City, Country.
5Dagir Smakuev, North-Caucasian State University of Humanities and Technology, Cherkessk, Russia.
Manuscript received on September 23, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on October 15, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2019. | PP: 4561-4564 | Volume-9 Issue-1, October 2019 | Retrieval Number: A1814109119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A1814.109119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The aim of the work was to establish the adaptive abilities and milk productivity of Simmental cows of Austrian origin in the conditions of the Karachay-Cher kess Republic. Research and production experience was held at Hammer Company LLC, Prikubansky District, Karachay-Cher kess Republic, in which 400 head Simmental heifers were brought from Austria. For the experiment, 40 cows of Schwyz and Simmental breeds were selected. Schwyz cows were included in the experiment (control group I), as well adapted to the conditions of Karachay-Cherkessia, and Simmental cows constituted the second experimental group. Among Simmental cows with a bath-like form of the udder, it was 12.5%, while in Swiss peers – 2.5%, with a bowl-shaped form – 60.0%, and in peers – 47.5%, Schwyz cows were in the lead – 50%, for Simmental – 27.5%. There were no significant differences between the groups of experimental cows in hemoglobin, erythrocyte, and leukocyte counts. On average, the hemoglobin level in the rocks was within the normal range and was 109.8-110.1g / l, the content of erythrocytes was 7.2-7.4×1012 / l, and leukocytes were 9.9-10.2×109 / l. The heart rate and respiration rate in adapting Simmental cows were slightly higher than in their peers of the Swiss breed and were 71.8-73.5; 24.7-26.8 times per minute and 70.5-71.0; 23.4-24.2 times per minute, respectively. The highest milk production in the second lactation was distinguished by Simmental cows, their milk yield was 4455 kg of milk, which is 958 kg or 27.4% higher than the Swiss peers. The fat content of milk in Simmental cows was at the level of 3.84%, protein 3.32%. The superiority of Simmental cows over Swiss peers in terms of fat and protein content in milk was 0.11% and 0.15%, respectively. Simmental cows in the new climatic conditions provided an increase in milk productivity, which indicates good lability of the organism in the new geographical area.
Keywords: Simmental breed, Schwyz breed, adaptation, milk yield, leukocyte formula.