Use of Flat Ribbon like Electrode Geometry to Pole PVDF Piezo Electrics in Solution Processing
Prakash Kodali
Prakash Kodali, Assistant Professor, Department of ECE, National Institute of Technology, Warangal (Telangana), India.
Manuscript received on 14 December 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 22 December 2019 | Manuscript Published on 31 December 2019 | PP: 27-31 | Volume-9 Issue-1S3 December 2019 | Retrieval Number: A10071291S319/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A1007.1291S319
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Abstract: We study how ribbons of fluids subjected to electric fields can serve applications in energy harvesting. In particular the emphasis is on how the geometry (i.e. 2-D ribbons) can influence functionality. For applications related to energy harvesting, we consider the use of polymer Piezo-electric Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF). Corona poling, photo-induced, photo-thermal and electron beam poling are the different conventional techniques used for PVDF poling. The parallel plate capacitor structure made for poling the PVDF material while the PVDF is being cured. One key advantage of preparing PVDF is the ability of solution processing. Normally, the liquid is then spin coated on a substrate and left to dry. Either during the process of spin coating, or after drying – the film of PVDF is poled so as to align the dipoles and make a piezoelectric. We propose the use of a metal-insulator ribbon like electrode geometry to combine the process of fabrication and poling thereby making the process more efficient. On the application of a voltage across the electrodes, the voltage of Vs is developed across the fluid. This result in a field of Vs/d across the PVDF fills aiding the process of poling while the film is in liquid phase. Therefore the ribbon like geometry aids the use of PVDF piezo-electrics in two ways. Firstly, it makes the fabrication process efficient by combining the poling with the structure development. Secondly, the control of width (w) and length (l) aids the setup of the PVDF piezoelectric resonant frequency for a given thickness (d). This helps match the resonant frequency of the ribbon with the incoming low frequency vibration to improve the energy harvesting levels. Piezo-electrics can be used in submerged applications, large area PVDF energy scavengers, mechanical filters and sensors, rural electrification, and charging circuits for hand-held devices.
Keywords: Piezo-electrets, Large Electronics, Energy Harvesting, Impedance Matching, Sensing and Resonance.
Scope of the Article: Computational Geometry